In Oracle PL/SQL, the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data type is used to store date and time information along with the corresponding time zone offset. This data type is especially useful when dealing with applications that span across different time zones, as it allows for accurate representation and manipulation of date and time data with respect to time zone differences.

Here are some key points about the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data type in Oracle:

Data Format:
The TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data type stores information in the format YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS.FF TZH:TZM, where:

YYYY: Year
MM: Month
DD: Day
HH24: Hour (24-hour clock)
MI: Minute
SS: Second
FF: Fractional seconds
TZH: Time zone hour offset
TZM: Time zone minute offset

Time Zone Offset:
One of the key features of this data type is its ability to store the time zone information along with the timestamp. The offset is expressed in terms of hours and minutes, allowing for accurate conversion and representation of time across different regions.

Automatic Time Zone Conversion:
When working with TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data, Oracle automatically performs time zone conversions as needed. This ensures that date and time values are correctly adjusted based on the time zone settings, making it easier to work with data from different geographical locations.


-- Creating a table with a TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE column
CREATE TABLE event_schedule (
    event_name VARCHAR2(50),

-- Inserting data with time zone information
INSERT INTO event_schedule VALUES ('Meeting', TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ('2023-11-17 10:00:00 -05:00', 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS TZR'));

-- Querying data with time zone conversion
SELECT event_name, event_time FROM event_schedule;

Functions and Operations:
Oracle provides various functions and operations for working with TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data, including conversion functions, arithmetic operations, and comparison operators. These functions allow for manipulating and comparing date and time values in a time zone-aware manner.

When using TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE, it’s essential to be aware of daylight saving time changes and other factors that may affect time zone conversions. Additionally, applications should handle time zone information appropriately to ensure accurate representation and interpretation of date and time values.

In summary, the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data type in Oracle PL/SQL is a powerful tool for handling date and time information in a way that accounts for time zone variations, making it well-suited for applications with global reach and diverse user bases.